The sources of igneous rocks in the continental crust are elusive, but they may be traced by radiogenic isotopes, which convey a message about the age and composition of the concealed parts of the continent. We investigated the Hf-isotope composition of zircon in ten rocks from central and southern Sweden. Two felsic metavolcanic rocks and two metagabbros (ca. 1.89 Ga) from Bergslagen, southern Sweden, show εHf(t) ranges of −1.8 to +5.1 and +2.6 to +6.8, respectively, suggesting that juvenile sources have contributed to both. A 1.85 Ga granite from southern Bergslagen shows a εHf(t) range of −2.6 to +4.6 for magmatic zircons, but both highly negative and positive values for inherited grains, providing evidence for both Archean and juvenile crustal sources. These and previous data confirm the existence of juvenile proto-Svecofennian crust (<2.2–1.9 Ga) with a minor Archean component, from which later crustal magmas were generated. The Hf-isotope evolution curve for this crust can be approximated by εHf(1.90) = 3 ± 3 and 176Lu/177Hf = 0.018. Similarly, the present data, together with data for younger mafic intrusions, can be used to infer the presence of a "mildly depleted" sub-Svecofennian mantle evolution curve with εHf(1.90) = 4.5 ± 2.5 and 176Lu/177Hf = 0.0315. Zircons from four out of five rapakivi intrusions (1.53–1.50 Ga) in central Sweden yield negative εHf(t) in the range −9.8 to −4.6, suggesting mixed Archean and juvenile Svecofennian sources. One intrusion farther south ranges between εHf(t) of −4.1 and −1.6, and has a larger contribution from Svecofennian crust. The data suggest that the crust in Bergslagen, southern Sweden, is dominantly Paleoproterozoic, while higher proportions of Archean material are present below central Sweden.
- Received 28 June 2011.
- Revision received 6 September 2011.
- Accepted 7 September 2011.
- © 2011 Geological Society of America